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Title: Bird Species Diversity in Fruit Garden Areas of Bang Khonthee District, Samutsongkram Province
Authors: Associate Professor Nitinarth Charoenpokaraj
Keywords: bird species diversity
fruit garden
Issue Date: 2555
Abstract: This research is exploratory, quantitative and qualitative research. The aims of this research are 1) to study bird species, relative abundance and bird status 2) to study birds’ usage in studying site 3) to apply bird species data into encouragement of organic fruit gardening. The data, in this research, was carried out by interview the owners of fruit gardens and bird species field survey in three kinds of fruit gardens namely; linchi garden, coconut garden and pomelo garden in Bang Khon Thi sub-district, Samutsongkram province from April to September 2012 and analyzed the data for percentage of abundance. The result of this bird species survey in six gardens found that 24 families and 38 species were found. The most 31 bird species were found in coconut garden in Bang Nok Kwaek sub-district, Bang Khon Thi district. In density level, there were 18 species in the fifth level as very common seen species, 47.37 %, such as Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus Chloris, Asian Koel Endynamys scolopaceus, Greater Coucal Centropus sinensi, Little Egret Egretta garzetta, White–breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus, Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus, Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis etc. About bird status, there were 36 resident birds. There also 1 resident and passage migrant bird and 1 migrant bird. 31 bird species, in July, used studying sites for feeding namely; insectivores such as Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius, Pale-legged Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes etc., predators and piscivores such as White - throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrmensis, Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus Chloris etc. granivores such as Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata, White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata etc., nectarivores such as Olive-backed Sunbird Nectarinia jugularis, Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis etc., pisivores such as Little Egret Egretta garzetta, Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa, White–breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus etc., for breeding and nestling in studying period such as Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa, White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata, White–breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus. So there should be encouragement the gardeners to do their mixed and organic gardens to conserve bird species diversity because the bird is valuable to agriculture in pollination, plant propagation and pest eradication.
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